Internet top-level domain
Country code TLDs
As of 9.09.2015 ISO list contains 249 officially assigned codes.
As of 9.09.2015 ICANN's IANA Root Zone Database contains 255 two-latin-letters country-code domains, including 249 ISO-assigned codes + AC (Ascension - while it is part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha territory in SH ISO code), AN (former Netherlands Antilles, divided into BQ, CW and SX), EU (European Union), SU (Soviet Union), TP (former Portuguese Timor) and UK (United Kingdom, along with GB for Great Britain).
246 domains are online. Domains BL (Saint Barthélemy), BQ (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), EH (Western Sahara), MF (Saint Martin), SS (South Sudan) and UM (U.S. Minor Outlying Islands) are marked as Not assigned. GB is Reserved. AN and TP marked as Retired.
13 ISO codes are exceptionally reserved at requests of countries and organisations:
AC Ascension Island CP Clipperton Island DG Diego Garcia EA Ceuta and Melilla EU European Union EZ (European OTC derivatives) FX France, Metropolitan IC Canary Islands SU USSR TA Tristan da Cunha UK United Kingdom UN United Nations
Reserved codes AC, EU, SU and UK are delegated as Internet TLDs.
7 ISO codes are transitionally reserved for 50 years after renaming of countries or dissolution of federations and dependent territories:
BU Burma Reserved from 1989-12 to 2039-12. New country name: Myanmar MM NT Neutral Zone Reserved from 1993-07 to 2043-07. Divided between Iraq and Saudi Arabia IQ+SA ZR Zaire Reserved from 1997-07 to 2047-07. New country name: Congo (Kinshasa) CD TP East Timor Reserved from 2002-05 to 2052-05. New country name: Timor-Leste TL YU Yugoslavia Reserved from 2003-07 to 2053-07. New country name: Serbia and Montenegro CS CS Serbia and Montenegro Reserved from 2006-09 to 2056-09. Divided to Serbia and Montenegro RS+ME AN Netherlands Antilles Reserved from 2010-12 to 2060-12. Divided (see below) BQ+CW+SX
.AN deleted by ISO on 2010-12-15/2011-12-13 - and is still transitionally reserved to Netherlands Antilles (divided into: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba - BQ, Curaçao - CW and Sint Maarten - SX).
States with limited recognition
UN members, UN observers (Vatican, Palestine) and non-UN states (Taiwan - Republic of China), having control over CC-TLDs are not included.
1st level: non-UN states recognised by at least one UN member state (5)
State Regarded by as its part Recognized by UN members Suggested domain zone Abkhazia Georgia Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru (4) ab.world, ap.world withdrawn: Tuvalu, Vanuatu (2, total of 6) Kosovo Serbia 108 UN-members ks.world Northern Cyprus Cyprus Turkey (1) kk.world Sahrawi ADR Morocco 84 UN-members sw.world South Ossetia Georgia Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru (4) os.world withdrawn: Tuvalu (1, total of 5)
2nd level: non-UN states recognised by at least one 1st level limitedly recognized state (4)
State Regarded by as its part Recognized by Suggested domain zone Donetsk People's Ukraine South Ossetia (1) dr.world Republic Luhansk People's Ukraine South Ossetia (1) ln.world Republic Nagorno-Karabakh Azerbaijan Abkhazia, Pridnestrovie, South Ossetia (3) nk.world, ah.world (Artsakh) Pridnestrovie Moldova Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, pd.world, ns.world (Transnistria) South Ossetia (3)
International recognition procedure (ISO, UN)
On May 6, Kosovo membership in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was adopted with 96 countries voting in favor, 8 against (Angola, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, El Salvador, Georgia, Greece, Pakistan, Romania, Slovak Republic, and Venezuela), 32 submitted written abstentions, 47 did not vote. On June 29, 2009 Kosovo became member of IMF and World Bank (and it seems enough for ISO to include it in the List of States).
ISO can include new country to its list after Working Group on Country Names of United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names has included it into the UNGEGN List of Country Names (latest versions - August 2012, May 2014). It seems that the next list will be prepared to 29th Session of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (25-29 April 2016, Bangkok, Thailand) or 11th United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names (2017).